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Ashi: Foot or Leg
Ashi Garami: To coil your leg around opponent's leg
Do: The way
Dojme: Squeezing opponent's abdomen with legs
Gake: Hook and break
Hadaka: Naked; Bare
Hajime: Begin; First
Hane: Spring; Jump
Hansoku-make Loss by violation of rules (defeat by grave infringement or accumulated lighter penalties) is issued for extremely serious violations. A "Keikoku" + another prohibited action will also result in a Hansoku-make, giving the opponent the equivalent of an "Ippon" win
Hantai: Opposite; Reverse
Hiki-te (Pulling hand)
Hiki Wake: Draw; Tie; Even
Ippon: One point
Itami Wake: Win by injury to opponent
Jigotai: Standing in a defensive position
Jime: Strangle; Choke
Jogai: Outside area
Judogi: Judo Uniform
Judoka: Judo person
Kaeshi-waza (Counter techniques) are used to counter an opponent's Waza, whereby he is thrown instead of you. Because a Kaeshi-waza (Counter techniques) consists of transforming the opponent's attempted Waza into your own Waza, it requires skillful Uke-kata (Blocking techniques) and Tai-sabaki (Body shifting / Body control). . Among the representative Kaeshi-waza (Counter techniques) are the Uchi-mata-sukashi (Inner-thigh reaping throw slip, the Osoto-gaeshi (Large outer reaping throw counter) , and the Ouchi-gaeshi (Large inner reaping throw counter).
Kami: Upper Body
Kata: Prearranged form of Judo principles and techniques.
Kataha: One half
Katai: Hard; Stiff
Katsu: Method of revitalization for strangled person.
Kiai: Shout of strength and spirit
Kodokan (Judo Headquarters in Tokyo Japan)
Kume: Command to grasp each other.
Kumi Kata: Method of grasping opponent.
Kuzushi: Breaking opponent's balance
Maitta: Surrender; To give up
Maki Komi: Winding throw; to throw by rolling your body to the ground with opponent.
Morote: Both arms
Nage Waza: Throwing Techniques
Newaza: Grappling Techniques
O: Major; Great
Okii: Big; Large
Onegai Shimasu: Request to participate with.
Osae Komi Toketa: Command from Referee that hold is broken and time should stop.
Osae Komi Waza: Holding techniques
Otoshi: Drop down
Randori: Free practice
Rei (Bow) - Judo "Rei ni hajimari, rei ni owaru" (Beginning and ending with a bow of respect), and the proper "Reiho" (Etiquette) is the first lesson that newcomers receive. In Judo, there is a "Ritsu-rei" (Standing bow) and "Zarei" (Seated bow) , and these are always performed at the beginning and end of Judo "Kata" (Form) practice, contests, and Randori (Free sparring).
Renzoku Waza: Combination techniques
Ritsu Rei: Bowing from standing position
Sasae: Prop; Support
Senaka: Back of body
Shiho: Four corners
Shime: Strangle; Choke
Shinpan: Referee; Umpire
Shizentai: Natural standing position
Sonomama: Command from Referee to freeze and not move.
Sore made: Command from Referee that time has expired.
Sukoshi: A little
Sukui: Scoop up
Suri ashi (Footwork) The term "Suri ashi" (Footwork) refers to the Suri ashi (Footwork) used when moving during a contest or Randori(Free sparring), and its purpose is to move while maintaining one's balance. Because an opponent can easily destabilize a contestant who places his body weight disproportionately on one leg, the contestant moves by using this Suri ashi (Footwork) stepping method in order to avoid lifting the leg too far from the floor.
Sutemi: Self sacrifice; To throw opponent by throwing yourself.
Toketa: Command from Referee when hold is broken.
Tori: Person who does the throwing.
Tsukuri: Preparation to throw; Placing yourself in proper position at correct time to throw your opponent.
Tsumasaki: Toes and ball of your feet.
Tsuri: Pull and lift in circular motion.
Tsurite (Lifting hand) refers to the lifting hand that grasps the opponent. In a right natural posture with a right-hand grip, this is the right hand, and it generally grips the opponent's.
Uchikomi (Repetition training) is a term borrowed from Kendo, and is used in Judo to refer to the repeated practice of a throwing motion up to the point where the throw would actually be executed (the simulation stops at that point). Three person uchikomi may be reffered to as (Sannin uchkomi) CLICK HERE: For video of Sannin uchikomi
Uke: Person who is being thrown in kata.
Ukemi Break fall
Ushiro: Back; Backwards
Wazaari: Half point
Yoshi: Go; All right
Yusei Gachi: Win by superiority
Zarei: Bowing from a kneeling position.
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