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柔道 - Judo Glossary

Ago: Chin
Ashi: Foot or Leg
Ashi Garami: To coil your leg around opponent's leg
Atama: Head
Chiisai: Small
De: Advance
Do: The way
Dojme: Squeezing opponent's abdomen with legs
Eri: Collar
Gaeshi: Counter
Gake: Hook and break
Goshi: Hip
Hadaka: Naked; Bare
Hayai: Fast
Hajime: Begin; First
Hane: Spring; Jump

Hansoku-make Loss by violation of rules (defeat by grave infringement or accumulated lighter penalties) is issued for extremely serious violations. A "Keikoku" + another prohibited action will also result in a Hansoku-make, giving the opponent the equivalent of an "Ippon" win
Hantai: Opposite; Reverse
Hara: Stomach
Harai: Sweep
Hidari: Left
Hiji: Elbow
Hiki: Pull

Hiki-te (Pulling hand)
Hiki Wake: Draw; Tie; Even
Hiza: Knee
Hon: Basic
Ippon: One point
Itami Wake: Win by injury to opponent
Jigotai: Standing in a defensive position
Jikan: Time
Jime: Strangle; Choke
Jogai: Outside area
Judogi: Judo Uniform
Judoka: Judo person
Juji: Cross

Kaeshi-waza (Counter techniques) are used to counter an opponent's Waza, whereby he is thrown instead of you. Because a Kaeshi-waza (Counter techniques) consists of transforming the opponent's attempted Waza into your own Waza, it requires skillful Uke-kata (Blocking techniques) and Tai-sabaki (Body shifting / Body control). . Among the representative Kaeshi-waza (Counter techniques) are the Uchi-mata-sukashi (Inner-thigh reaping throw slip, the Osoto-gaeshi (Large outer reaping throw counter) , and the Ouchi-gaeshi (Large inner reaping throw counter).
Kake: Throw
Kami: Upper Body
Kansetsu: Joint
Kao: Face
Karui: Light
Kata: Shoulder
Kata: Prearranged form of Judo principles and techniques.
Kataha: One half
Katai: Hard; Stiff
Katame: Grappling
Kachi: Win
Katsu: Method of revitalization for strangled person.
Keiko: Practice
Kiai: Shout of strength and spirit
Ko: Red

Kodokan (Judo Headquarters in Tokyo Japan)
Koshi: Hip
Kubi: Neck
Kume: Command to grasp each other.
Kumi Kata: Method of grasping opponent.
Kuzure: Modification
Kuzushi: Breaking opponent's balance
Mae: Forward
Maitta: Surrender; To give up
Maki Komi: Winding throw; to throw by rolling your body to the ground with opponent.
Mannaka: Center
Mate: Wait
Migi: Right
Momo: Thigh
Morote: Both arms
Mune: Chest
Nage: Throw
Nage Waza: Throwing Techniques
Newaza: Grappling Techniques
O: Major; Great
Obi: Belt
Okii: Big; Large
Okuri: Sliding
Onegai Shimasu: Request to participate with.
Osae Komi Toketa: Command from Referee that hold is broken and time should stop.
Osae Komi Waza: Holding techniques
Osu: Push
Otoshi: Drop down
Randori: Free practice

Rei (Bow) -  Judo "Rei ni hajimari, rei ni owaru" (Beginning and ending with a bow of respect), and the proper "Reiho" (Etiquette) is the first lesson that newcomers receive. In Judo, there is a "Ritsu-rei" (Standing bow)  and "Zarei" (Seated bow) , and these are always performed at the beginning and end of Judo "Kata" (Form) practice, contests, and Randori (Free sparring). 
Renzoku Waza: Combination techniques
Ritsu Rei: Bowing from standing position
Sasae: Prop; Support
Sensei: Teacher
Senaka: Back of body
Shiai: Contest
Shiho: Four corners
Shihan: Professor
Shime: Strangle; Choke
Shinpan: Referee; Umpire
Shita: Down
Shizentai: Natural standing position
Sode: Sleeve
Sonomama: Command from Referee to freeze and not move.
Sore made: Command from Referee that time has expired.
Soto: Outer
Sukoshi: A little
Sukui: Scoop up
Sumi: Corner

Suri ashi (Footwork) The term "Suri ashi" (Footwork) refers to the Suri ashi (Footwork) used when moving during a contest or Randori(Free sparring), and its purpose is to move while maintaining one's balance. Because an opponent can easily destabilize a contestant who places his body weight disproportionately on one leg, the contestant moves by using this Suri ashi (Footwork) stepping method in order to avoid lifting the leg too far from the floor.

Sutemi: Self sacrifice; To throw opponent by throwing yourself.
Tai: Body
Tatami: Mat
Tate: Vertical
Te: Hand
Tekubi: Wrist
Toketa: Command from Referee when hold is broken.
Tomoe: Circular
Tori: Person who does the throwing.

Tsukuri: Preparation to throw; Placing yourself in proper position at correct time to throw your opponent.
Tsumasaki: Toes and ball of your feet.
Tsuri: Pull and lift in circular motion.

Tsurite (Lifting hand) refers to the lifting hand that grasps the opponent. In a right natural posture with a right-hand grip, this is the right hand, and it generally grips the opponent's.
Uchi: Inner

Uchikomi (Repetition training) is a term borrowed from Kendo, and is used in Judo to refer to the repeated practice of a throwing motion up to the point where the throw would actually be executed (the simulation stops at that point). Three person uchikomi may be reffered to as (Sannin uchkomi) CLICK HERE: For video of Sannin uchikomi
Ude: Arm
Uke: Person who is being thrown in kata.

Ukemi Break fall
Ushiro: Back; Backwards
Utsuri: Changing
Waza: Technique
Wazaari: Half point
Yawarakai: Soft
Yoko: Side
Yoshi: Go; All right
Yubi: Fingers
Yusei Gachi: Win by superiority
Zarei: Bowing from a kneeling position.


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